Gustav-Mahler.eu

Year 1909. Amsterdam, Royal Concertgebouw. Gustav Mahler with Dutch colleagues: From left to right: Cornelis Dopper (1870-1939) (Second conductor of the Amsterdam Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (RCO/KCO)), Gustav MahlerHendrik Freijer (1876-1955) (Administrator of the Amsterdam Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (RCO/KCO)), Willem Mengelberg (1871-1951) (Principal conductor of the Amsterdam Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (RCO/KCO)) and Alphons Diepenbrock (1862-1921) (Composer). Photographer: W.A. van Leer for "Weekblad voor muziek".

Amsterdam, Royal Concertgebouw. Hall, seen from center front balcony.

The Royal Concertgebouw (Dutch: Koninklijk Concertgebouw), is a concert hall in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The Dutch term "concertgebouw" literally translates into English as "concert building". On 11 April 2013, on occasion of the building's 125th anniversary, Queen Beatrix bestowed the Royal Title "Koninklijk" upon the building, as she did previously on to the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. Because of its highly regarded acoustics, the Concertgebouw is considered one of the finest concert halls in the world, along with places such as Boston's Symphony Hall and the Musikverein in Vienna.

Amsterdam, Royal Concertgebouw. Hall left.

Amsterdam, Royal Concertgebouw. Front balcony, Mahler tribute.

Amsterdam. Royal Concertgebouw. Center front balcony, Mahler tribute.

History

The architect of the building was Adolf Leonard van Gendt, who was inspired by the Gewandhaus in Leipzig, built two years earlier (and destroyed in 1943). Construction began in 1883 in a pasture that was then outside the city, in Nieuwer-Amstel, a municipality that in 1964 became Amstelveen. A total of 2,186 piles of length twelve to thirteen metres (40 to 43 ft) were sunk into the soil.

Amsterdam. Royal Concertgebouw. Design by van Gendt.

The hall opened on 11 April 1888 with an inaugural concert, in which an orchestra of 120 musicians and a chorus of 500 singers participated, performing works of Wagner, Handel, Bach, and Beethoven. The resident orchestra of the Concertgebouw is the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest), which gave its first concert in the hall on 3 November 1888, as the Concertgebouw Orchestra (Concertgebouworkest). For many decades the Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra and the Radio Filharmonisch Orkest have also been regular performers in the Concertgebouw.

Year 1902. Amsterdam. Royal Concertgebouw, 10-11-1902.

The Main Hall (Grote Zaal) seats 1,974 and is 44 metres (144 ft) long, 28 metres (92 ft) wide, and 17 metres (56 ft) high.Its reverberation time is 2.8 seconds without audience, 2.2 seconds with, making it ideal for the late Romantic repertoire such as Mahler. A smaller, oval-shaped venue, the Recital Hall (Kleine Zaal), is located behind the Main Hall. The Recital Hall is 20 metres (66 ft) long and 15 metres (50 ft) wide. Its more intimate space is well-suited for chamber music and Lieder. The Recital Hall has 437 seats.

Amsterdam. Royal Concertgebouw.

1950 c. Amsterdam. Buste of Gustav Mahler by his daughter Maria Anna Mahler (Putzi) (1902-1907). Gift from Mahlers granddaughter Marina Havlicek-Fistoulari (1943) to the Royal Concertgebouw on the occasion of the Gustav Mahler Festival Amsterdam 1995. Mahlers daughter Anna Justine Mahler (Gucki) (1904-1988) was inspired by the image she had as a child from her father. This is the only bronze cast of this Mahler bust. Location: 2nd floor, in the corridor around the main hall, near Podium (stage) Noord (north). 

Organ

The organ was built in 1890 by the organ builder Michael Maarschalkerweerd from Utrecht, and was renovated in the years 1990-1993 by the organ builder Flentrop. It has 60 registers on three divisions and pedal.

Amsterdam. Royal Concertgebouw.

Amsterdam. Royal Concertgebouw, map: 1. Het Concertgebouw -> 2. Stedelijk Museum -> 3. Van Gogh Museum -> 4. Rijksmuseum. Next is 5. Leidseplein (off the map). The square in front of the Royal Concertgebouw is "Museum plein (square)".

Administrators Concertgebouw

Amsterdam. Royal Concertgebouw. Memorial plaque 25th anniversary, 24-04-1913, 26-04-1913 and 27-04-1913.

Members of the board

11-04-1913 Members of the board of the Royal Concertgebouw. Photo taken on the occasion of the 25th annniversary. From left to right: J. Dudok van Heel, Mr. H.J. van Ogtrop, Mr. R. van Rees, G.H. de Marez Oijens (see Hendrik Jan de Marez Oyens (1843-1911)), Hendrik (Han Henri) de Booy (1867-1964) and Hendrik Freijer (1876-1955). In the back a etching of Gustav Mahler by Emil Orlik (1870-1932).

Orchestra-directors

 

2016. Amsterdam, Royal Concertgebouw. Plan.